Got all the potatoes lifted. They turned out to be a good Crop. Same day the Justiciary judges came into town. They were escorted to and from the Justiciary Court Room by the Magistrates and a part of the Veterans who form the Garrison of the Castle. One Munro was sentenced to six months imprisonment for altering a Minute of Tack of Land. One O’Neal was sentenced to a twelve months imprisonment for resett of Theft. Two others were sentenced to 18 months imprisonment for theft.
A heavy rain.
Digged early potatoes. They were rather small in size and seemed to have been Keept [sic] back by the severe drought in June.
The Western Regiment of Local Militia marched into the Town to be on permanent duty for a fortnight.
The Three troops of Yeoman Cavalry also left the town, they were only four days on duty.
Fine weather with showers of Rain.
Planted Cauliflowers and 100 early Cabbages.
Sacraments every Sunday but the concourse of people are not so great as in former times.Image: a 19th C view of Holyrude church and cemetery, Stirling which was very close to Dr Lucas’s house and where he attended ‘sacraments’.
The High wind continues – with frost.
Vegetation is much injured, especially in the Gardens. The very Grass and the Wheat together with the Sown Grasses are much damaged. The Markets are high Beef being got up to nine pence half penny per lib.
Planted the last of the Potatoes. Have planted this Season about 14 pecks viz. 2 Early and 12 late.
The Justiciary Judge sat here. One woman was tried for concealing pregnancy and not calling for assistance was sentenced to 12 months imprisonment. A collier from the Plean was tried for a rape and acquitted.
Our Chief Magistrate J Sutherland died of a mortification in his foot occasioned by sotting and drinking.
The weather cold and dry with some frost.
The markets are on the decline but the Bakers have not yet lowered the price of Bread and the Butchers Market is rather on the advance Beef being now at 8 pence per lib.
Planted in all about 8 pecks of Potatoes in the Garden.
Wondering was a ‘peck’ was?
[For more information on scottish units of weight and measure, please see the Scottish Archive Network website – SCAN].
A peck was a measure or unit of dry capacity. The basic unit of dry capacity was the boll (from the word ‘bowl’). A quarter of a boll was a firlot (a ‘fourth lot’). A quarter of this was a peck. A quarter of a peck was a forpet (a corruption of ‘fourth peck’) or lippie (from the Anglo-Saxon leap, meaning a ‘basket’). Sixteen bolls made a chalder or chaldron (from the French chaudron, meaning a ‘kettle’). Lippies, pecks, firlots, bolls and chalders varied depending on what was being measured.
Fine dry weather. The farmers are fast advancing in the labour of the field, the Beans and Oats being mostly sown. The Gardens are however much injured by the late storm of frost and snow.
A heavy fall of Snow, for two days before the weather had been cold and frosty.
Planted 400 Late and Early Cabbage plants.
Planted Gooseberry bushes also red and black Currants.
Our guest blogger, Mr A Muirhead, comments that Dr Lucas was possibly a mite optimistic with his planting: ‘A Gardener’s Kalendar, adapted to the climate of Scotland’ published with the British Almanac and Universal Scots Register For 1808 recommends planting fruit bushes as a task for March.
Based on our current weather, the Gardener’s Kalendar may still have a point!