1815

1815

January 1815

2          There was a grand procession of the Shoemakers of the Town of Stirling and the Vicinity in the following order, in honour of St Crispin.

1           First 3 men with broad swords drawn

2           The Champion on horseback a Squire on each side

3           Aid de Camp on horseback sword drawn

4           Colonel, Sash and Gorget Sword drawn

5           Colours carried by an Ensign with Sash and Gorget, with two Captains drawn Swords Sashes and Gorgets

6           Band of Music

7           Lord Mayor supported by two Aldermen and Colonel

8           Ushers with Green batons, Uncovered, two and two

9           The King in his royal Robes, an Imperial crown on his head, and a Green baton in his hand, supported by his two Secretaries, uncovered, his train born by his pages.

10         Prim Minister Uncovered

11         15 Lords with Stars on their left breasts, uncovered Three and three

12         Two Captains, swords drawn

13         The Corporation Colours borne by two Ensigns, supported by two Captains with drawn Swords

14         Commons, two and two

15         Two stand of Colours carried by Ensigns supported by Lieutenants with Swords drawn.

16         Fifes and Drums

17         Two Captains with Swords drawn

18         The Indian Prince in his robes, armed with a Gilt battle Axe, with Bow and arrows, with his two Secretaries also armed and all on horseback

19         Two Captains with Swords drawn.

20         Lieutenant Colonel with Sash and Gorget, Sword drawn.

21         Two Captains Swords drawn

22         The broad Sword men

23         Two Majors on horseback

This procession proceeded from the Castle at one o’clock in admirable order, passed down the Broad Street, went down the Mary Wynd, and Turned at the head of Queen Street, went up the Mary Wynd down the Bow, Bakers Wynd, Quality Street, Port Street, turned at the Gallows Barn, returned up Port Street and Quality Street and at last went into Masons Inn, the Band of Music playing GOD SAVE THE KING. The whole dined in Masons Inn and had a ball in the evening, all was conducted with admirable order. The Company separated at 4 o’clock next morning and altho none of the genteel part of the community joined them, yet their appearance was respectable and the different Characters were well supported. However Crispin’s Day is the 25th of September.

5          The weather cold. and foggy. The Markets still looking down especially all sorts of grain.

Mrs Melles our sister-in-law went to the Shoemakers Ball, with four or five fellows and danced for five or six hours, altho no woman was present above the rank of a servant girl.

7          Paid James Robertson Shoemaker four pounds sixteen shillings for shoes.

13        Sold my park of Cormans Haugh at Denny bridge to John Maclachlane Victual dealer Denny for £237.10 Sterling. I bought it of Marion Cuthil for £150 pounds.

15        A severe frost with some Snow. The River Forth has yet never been completely frozen over.

20        The Corn Market still on the decline.

25        The weather very cold with hard frost and snow.

26        The 21 or Scots fusiliers marched from the Castle for Edinburgh. They are a Second Battalion and not above 200 rank and file, with a full complement however of officers.

Two Brothers named McLeran from the Torwood, and Taylers by proffession (a few years ago commenced soap boilers and Candlemakers at the bridge) have become Bankrupts for 12,000 Sterling. ‘Tis suspected that they were narrow penurious creatures and not foolish either in giving Credit, or making Bargains.

2?        Thomas Wingate died. This man possessed the places of Collector of’ the taxes, Clerk to the Trustees of the Turnpike Roads, Collector of Cess, Keeper of the Register of Seizens etc etc etc. There is a Keen canvassing begun for his places some time previous to his death.

The weather continued wet and disagreeable unto the end of the month. The Markets were tolerably cheap.

February 1815

1          A cold thaw commenced but the snow on the hills still continued and little of it melted.

5          The Measles and Chincough very prevalent, several children have died of them.

8          Got three Fulham Apple trees from Eagle and Henderson seedsmen at Edinburgh.

The weather wet and cold.

Got a new horse from James Robertson at Craigton.

10        Paid £7.12 to the Apothecaries Hall Traveller for Medcines and gave him an order for another quentity.

The Measles very frequent and often Fatal.

15        The Rains very frequent. Seldom is a dry day to be met with. The ports are shut against the importation of foreign corn which has occasioned our corn markets to advance considerably in price.

20        A Court Martial which was held on Lieutenant General Sir John Murray for Misconduct at the Siege of Tarragona in Spain ended as all Court Martials do on Commanding Officers do, by finding it only an error in Judgment. The Heroic General was, as a punishment ordered to be admonished to be more carefull in future…

26        The Hercules Insurance Office at Edinburgh in which I hold two Shares have declared a Dividend of 20 shillings and sixpence on each share. NB the Holders of shares paid ten per cent on each share of 1 £100 five years ago and have as yet never received one farthing.

The President, Yankee Frigate of 59 Guns taken by the Endymion of 44 Guns after an engagement of two hours. 24 killed and wounded in the Endymion. The Americans lost in killed and wounded above 100 men.

This month has rained almost incessantly there not being one day during the whole month free from it. The Markets, especially the Butcher Markets, together with Butter, Eggs and Poultry were high.

The Quartern Loaf and Oatmeal were moderately cheap.

March 1815

2          Began to turn over ground in my garden for Onions, Leeks and peas.

8          Planted 1 lib early Charleton peas and some Turkey beans.

9          A Fall of Snow but it is not likely to ly on the ground however the hills are all white.

Warm debates in parliament about a new corn bill, the importation of corn not being allowed untill the price shall be four pounds sterling per quarter, and Riots have already taken place in Glasgow about it.

12        News arrived that out troops were beat by the Americans at New Orleans, – the Commander in Chief Sir Edward Pakenham and 2500 killed wounded and prisoners, and the Expedition abandoned. A heavy fall of Snow with very cold weather.

Riots and Mobs in London on account of the corn bill, some of the members of Parliament insulted and the Windows of their houses broken.

Numerous petitions presented from all parts of the United Kingdom against the Corn Bill, but are not regarded by parliament.

14        Intelligence arrived from our Ambassador at Paris that Bonaparte had escaped from Elba and landed in France with about 1000 men and proclaimed himself Emperor, and that numbers had joined his Standard and that he had been proclaimed a Traitor and a price set on his head.

17        News arrived of the Ratification of the peace by America and of the Cessation of Hostilities.

20        Sowed three ounces and a half of Onions and two ounces of Leeks, with a bed of Carrots.

23        The Weather extremely wet and high winds very frequent.

26        The Prince of Orange is proclaimed King of the Seven United provinces and Belgium by the title of King of the United Netherlands.

The Corn Bill received the Royal assent notwithstanding the very numerous petitions against it.

Bonaparte entered Paris without opposition. The King and Royal family fled towards Lisle on the frontiers of Belgium. He was refused admittance into Lisle.

30        Planted one half peck of the Earliest kind of Potatoes and one peck and three lippies of the American Early Kind.

The whole of this month was disagreeably rainy weather.

The Labour of the field and of the Gardens is not yet begun excepting in a very few instances.

April 1815

 3          A woman who was admitted to view the Regalia in the Tower of London attempted to steal the Crown but it being enclosed in a place grated with Iron she could not get it out beyond the Iron bars of the Grate.

5          Exceeding high winds with some rain.

Planted the first of my late Potatoes.

10        Fine delightfull weather.

12        Wrote my uncle at London by Lieutenant Palmer of the 75 and Son in law to Mrs Campbell our sister in law. He leaves this place with his wife and infant Child, supposed to join his regiment which is at Sicily or the Island of Corfu one of the Islands of the Ionian Republic in the Gulf of Venise.

18        Planted the last of my late potatoes, I planted about I boll this season.

The Justiciary Judges came into town. One man from Tillicoultry was sentenced to one years s imprisonment and to be whipt through the town of Clackmanan for Striking a Constable and deforcing an Exciseman who endeavoured to take his Whiskey still. Another for illegal Distilling was sentenced to 9 month imprisonment. A Sheep Stealer was sentenced to 14 years Banishment to Botany bay. Another man was sentenced to six months imprisonment. for attempting to commit a rape.

20        Fine weather with frosty mornings.

21        Riots at Alloa, Tillicoultry, Dunfermline and other parts of the Country on account of the late Corn bill but happily without Bloodshed.

30        Cold drought, but the labour of the field is well advanced. The Markets are still reasonable.

May 1815

1          Received a letter from Mr Leckie relative sending up Walter to Glasgow with the View of getting a place for him.

4          The labour of the field mostly completed, the Barley being mostly sown and the potatoes planted.

7          Walter went to Glasgow on a Visit to his Aunt Mrs Leckie. The Weather very wet.

12        Great preparations for war with Bonaparte. Troops with immense quantities of Military Stores are constantly shipping for the Netherlands.

18        The Labours of the field are mostly over.

The person that was sentenced to be Whipt through Clackmannan on the 10th got a respite of that part of his sentence for 50 Days.

19        Drouthie weather, the meat and hay crops however look well. The Caterpillars have done much mischief in the Gardens, and high firey winds have blighted much of the Vegetation on the Fruit trees and Shrubs.

A Troop of the 4th Dragoons have been in the town since the 9th.

26        The May fair of Stirling. The Streets were not so much crowded as formerly. Numbers got drunk towards night however few quarrells were perceptible, nor were there accounts of any peoples pockets being picked.

28        Peas and Beans began to Blossom.

Planted the last pound of Peas for the Season.

30        Benny was flogged at Clackmanan. He Received 48 lashes on his bareback by the Hangman of Edinburgh. He went in a Chaise and was escorted by a Troop of the second dragoon Guards to and from Clackmannan and as in such cases laughed at his punishment. Fine weather but rather wet. The Markets are moderate.

June 1815

1          Wet weather and cold at times with high winds.

3          Sowed yellow Turneps.

6          Walter returned, from Glasgow being quite unsuccessfull after a place in a Counting-house or Wareroom.

12        Mr and Mrs McNaughton arrived here from London on a visit.

18        Mr and Mrs McNaughton left us for Glasgow on their way to London.

The Burger Sacrament was held, the weather rather wet and Cold.

The Kirk and relief Sacraments held at St Ninians, some very drunksom People were observed who had been attending on these occasions.

21        The Foundation stone of a New Building with a Steeple was laid when the Mealmarket formerly stood. On this occasion there was a procession. The Magistrates and Town Officers walked first, next came a crowd of Masons belonging to different Lodges among whom were observed severall dissolute young men belonging to the town. There were besides a great number of Raggimufin looking mean fellows in the procession. The Magistrates and Council dined in Masons Inn, the Masons and Riff Raff got a dinner in the trades hall, the night was spent in riot and drunkness as is usuall on such occasions, and John Russell the minister, instead of consecrating the intended building, pronounced a severe phillipi against all such ceremonies that are used on such occasions.

15        Bonaparte left Paris and went to the Netherlands, joined his army and attacked the Prussians at or near Charleroy, and succeded in driving them back but Duke Wellington next day advanced with the British, attacked the French early on the morning and after hard fighting repulsed them.

17        The Battle was renewed again next day (17), the French were again defeated with great loss there being upwards of 60,000 killed wounded and taken besides a great number of Cannon.

18        The Fight was renewed on the 18, during all these actions Bonaparte commanded the French and Duke Wellington the Allies assisted by Blucher the Prussian General. The French made severall desperate Charges but were always repulsed, at last Wellington charged the French, routed them with very great Slaughter pursued them till dark and took 210 pieces of Cannon, the loss is great on both sides, few prisoners were taken, as it appears that little quarter was given on either Side.

22        The losses in the battle of the 18 has been great. The French seem to be completely defeated, their loss amounts at least to 40,000 Killed wounded and prisoners. They appear to have had above 130,000 men in the battle, the Duke of Wellington including Allies had not above 90,000 to oppose them, the Allies have lost 10,000 in Killed and wounded.

Wrote Mr George Mackie of Liverpool relative to Walter.

The weather Fine and warm.

A party of the 91 Reg passed through from Perth to Glasgow, and

27        A party of another Regiment from Glasgow passed through to Perth.

28        Paid my Assessed Taxes amounting to five pounds four shillings and twopence sterling.

29        After the Battle of the 18th Bonaparte ran away to Paris, acknowledged his defeat and on the 23 abdicated the Throne and declared his son to be Emperor, but his ministers are not satisfied, they have appointed a Council of Regency consisting of four or five persons who are all Violent republicans.

It appears certain that in the Battles of the 15, 16, 17 and 18th that the French lost above sixty thousand men in Killed wounded and prisoners.

30        Hay Harvest is begun and will be an abundant Crop.

July 1815

1          Fine warm weather.

4          The public examinations of’ the Schools began. The Grammar School is much fallen off bothe in the Number of Scholars and the Proficiency in the Latin and Greek Languages. The Scholars are now mere children.

Early potatoes selling publicly at 3/- per peck.

5          Fine warm dry weather.

6          A heavy shower of rain.

9          The News arrived that Duke Wellington and the Prussians had taken Paris on the 3rd Instant, that Bonaparte had fled, that the French army under one Grouchy had made some resistance but had been defeated with loss. The Bells were set a ringing and 21 great Guns were fired from the Castle on this event.

10        The French Army amounting to 40,000 were ordered to retire behind the river Loire.

12        White, Red and black Currants were ripe.

New and Old potatoes sold in the Markets in great plenty.

A new Steamboat called the Lady of the Lake belonging to Stirling began to sail between Stirling Shore and Leith to convey passengers.

Another Steamboat belonging to Alloa has also begun to run betwixt Alloa and Leith, a Caravan attends at Stirling every morning to take passengers to Alloa to be conveyed to Leith by that Steamboat.

Very dry warm weather, the Hay is nearly got in.

15        News arrived that Lewis 18th has made his triumphal entry once more into Paris, and that the French Army on the Loire had acknowledged him. No Oaths or promises can bind a french man !!!

17        Mr I Graham Surgeon in the navy arrived at my house from London, he had been appointed to be surgeon to the Depot at Valleyfield. for French prisoners.

20        Mr Graham returned to Edinburgh.

24        News reached us that Bonaparte surrendered to Captain Maitland of the Bellerephron of 74 Guns off Rochfort on the 15 instant. The only stipulation he requested was personall saftey (sic). The Mighty Invincible Braggadour Bonaparte has at last turned Coward and has ceased to trouble the peace of the world any longer !!!

New Potatoes sold for one shilling the peck of 28 lib.

The Supply of water from the Springs which is brought to the town in pipes, has been very scanty this Summer.

The weather has been favorable the whole of this month, there is an excellent appearance of an abundant Crop.

The Stirling Militia have been embodied to the number of 400 or thereby.

The Markets continue to be moderate.

August 1815

1          Napoleon Buonaparte continues on board the Bellerephon but has been removed to the Sound of Plymouth and is strictly Guarded No boats are allowed to board the Ship.

2          Fine warm weather.

The Salmon fishing has turned out tolerably well this season.

The fish fetch high prices Trouts being 6d, Gilses 7d and Salmon 10d.

4          The Lammas fair was held, it was not thronged with people as formerly and the Markets were insignificant, in respect of what they used to be. There was little sale either for Horses or Cattle.

Eighty three doctors of Medcine made at Edinburgh at one time of whom thirty eight were Scottish men.

8          The Kingdom of Candy on the Island of Ceylon conquered by General Brownwrigge and the King taken prisoner. This conquest was very difficult hut was atchieved with little or no bloodshed.

12        Bonaparte was sent to the Island of St Helena in the Indian Ocean on the coast of Africa where he is to strictly guarded, but tis dreaded that he will escape and do more mischief, he ought to have been put to death.

A fine seasonable rain, the country was much parched with the dry hot weather, the Trees and Shrubs in many places were withered, the Crops had suffered much.

18        Severall people have begun to cut down the Wheat and Barley.

20        The Accounts from the Napaul Country up the Ganges in Hindustan are not favorable. It seems that the Napaulese are resisting our forces sometimes with Sucess.

24        Cut the Hedge on the North side of my garden, it had become very uneven in severall parts.

The 21 Regiment Marched into the Castle from Edinburgh, they are the Second Battalion and are very few in number.

25        A fellow who was sentenced to 14 years transportation for stealing Sheep cut the Iron Staunchion of the room where he was confined, let himself down with a rope and made his escape.

28        Shearers wages were two shillings for men and 1/8 for women, few were hired, they had victuals them besides wages.

During this month the weather was Fine warm and mostly dry.

Hay sold this year at two pounds ten shillings to three pounds per hundred Stones of Trone weight.

The Markets were somewhat moderate. Meal sold at forty shillings the Load, Beef and mutton at 6d per lib and other Articles in proportion.

September 1815

5          The weather continues to be most delightfull, the Town is thronged with Strangers who are on tours of pleasure mostly and some of them high rank.

7          The Wheat is mostly got in.

A vast shoal of large fish of the Whale Kind came up the river, of which nearly one hundred were taken from our Shore down to Alloa. Some of them measure fifteen feet in length.

10        The Second Tryst of Falkirk for Black Cattle, a vast number went through the town.

12        The Cattle did not sell to advantage, nor was the number on the Moor so great as the last season. The Buyers from England were few and did not seem eager to make purchases.

The Abbey people sold the small whales which they had Catched to a person from Leith who gave £45 for them and boiled their Blubber at McLerans Soapwork at the Bridge.

The Counting room or Office of the Carron Company robbed of nearly £1500, the thieves effected the robbery by means of false Keys, severall people have been apprehended on suspicion.

17        The weather has been very warm at times with some heavy showers of Rain.

21        The Justiciary Court was held here by Mr Robertson (Lord Pitmilly) Two women were sentenced to three months imprisonment for obtaining travelling money as soldiers widows by false Certificates.

26        The Deacons of the trades were arranged.

27        The Dean of Gild was chosen, one Taylor a Grocer and the Gild Counsellors A Runciman and F More both old superannuated persons.

28        The Provost and Baillies were Elected, Thomas Littlejohn a Brewer Provost, Robert Young a carpet weaver, James Forman a bookbinder John Jaffray a Candiemaker and John Buchan an old Navy Surgeon were Elected Baillies. The Magistrates and Council were never composed of People of such little respectability as they are this year.

29        A heavy rain with a cold wind from the East.

October 1815

1          Little or nothing done in the fields owing to heavy rains, much of the Crop is yet to be reaped.

 

3          The Building where the old Corn Market stood is advanced to the third Story, the Steeple is also considerably advanced in height.

5          Very heavy rains, which has occasioned land floods by which much damage has been done in the South country by floating the Crop away and destroying Bridges particularly in Dumfries shire.

8          The Third Cattle tryst of Falkirk, a very great number of Black Cattle Sheep and horses were brought to market. The Cattle and Sheep sold at very reduced prices. The Horses sold indifferently well especially good horses.

One John Maxwell a barber and perfumer died of dram drinking, be generally drank at the rate of ten drains of Whiskey a day, and seldome more than one Glassfull at a time, nor was he noted for paying his share of the reckoning.

11        The weather Line and dry, all the Crop is now got in excepting a few Beans.

13        A heavy fall of rain with a high wind at East. The Crop is in general got in to the Barnyards.

15        A boy was drowned at the Shore in leaping from one boat into another, two other boys were present who concealed the Accident for a day or two, being apprehensive of being beat or punished for going to the Shore and getting into boats.

20        Heavy rains with high winds from the East.

Beef at 5½ and Mutton at 5d per lib in the Butchers Market.

The one half of the potatoes are not got up or digged.

30        Went to Edinburgh with Walter in order to settle him as a Medical Student, Lodged him with Mr Robert Lucas.

31        Took out the Matriculation ticket, Dr Barclay Anatomical tickets, Dr Hopes Chemical Ticket and Dr Homes Ticket for Materia Medica and Pharmacy for him.

Gave Robert Lucas £10 as part payment in advance of Walters board.

The latter part of this month fine weather, the crop is all got into the farmers Barnyards. The Markets are somewhat moderate.

November 1815

2          Returned from Edinburgh in the Steamboat, had a fine passage but few passengers.

Found Edinburgh very full of Company in consequence of what is called a Musical festival being held in that City, and Concerts and balls, Sadlers Balloon and other exhibitions being going forward.

5          The Balloon did not answer expectations, it only went the length of Porto Bello, was about six minutes in the air, was never out of Sight and was torn in peices and demolished by the Mob when it alighted.

7          The Alloa Steamboat was much damaged by taking fire accidentally during the night near Alloa Shore.

9          The leaves are mostly off the trees but the weather is moderate and mild.

LENDED £300 on heretable Security to Peter MacEwan over his house south side of the Corn Market.

10        A severe frost came on.

19        The Boys throng sliding and skating on the ice, the frost continuing with great intenseness.

John Runceman died, he was one of the greatest Drunkards that ever lived in Stirling, he drank at least one Chopin of Whiskey daily for 40 years. He was nearly 70 years of age at his death.

23        Was very high rated this year for Property tax. I appealed to the Commissioners got no redress owing chiefly to John Murray the Collector of Taxes and Alexander Smith of Glassingall a Commissioner.

The Storm with some indications of Thaw at times continued to the end of the month.

23        The Grain markets still declined, beans were sold as low as ten shillings per boll, many of the farmers have given up their farms as not being able to pay their rents on that account.

December 1815

Two of the Archdukes of Austria came to Glasgow and inspected the public buildings and Manufactures there, from thence they went to the Carron Works, next to Edinburgh, they were magnificently feasted and treated Kindly everywhere, they returned to England by Berwick.

12        Severall aged people have died of late particularly William Dease, he drank hard all his life yet attained to the age of 87. The Weather moderate and rather soft.

Received letter from Mr McNaughton at London.

Several Gales of wind from the NE, severall Vessells wrecked on the East and West coasts and many lives lost. A Sloop belonging to Dougal and Anderson Butchers in Stirling was lost on the bar at the Entrance of the Harbour of Ayr.

14        The Storm has again commenced with rain, Snow and an intense frost.

The salmon fishing has recommenced; The Salmon are not very plentifull.

17        The weather serene but very cold and the frost not throughly gone.

18        A very heavy fall of Snow to the amount of eight Inches with hard frost.

20        The Ferry boat at the Abbey is stopt, the river being frozen over.

21        A very heavy fall of Snow amounting to at least eight Inches.

22        More Snow with a Strong wind, the roads were in many places completely choked up, the Edinburgh coach got through with difficulty. Severall posts and carriers were stopt from leaving town and from arriving from the places adjacent.

23        A Partial thaw took place, the cold is still intense.

25        Being Christmas was observed as a day of feasting by those of the Episcopal religion.

26/27    During the night of the 26 and the morning of the 27th the house of Edward Alexander at Powis Logie was burnt to the ground, excepting an additional building at the East end of the house consisting of two rooms. Most of the furniture was saved; ‘tis not properly ascertained how the fire took place.

28        The weather very cold with occasional falls of snow, the Storm is nothing abated.

Several people were drowned at Lochend near Edinburgh by venturing to skate before the Ice was sufficiently strong.

The Storm continued untill the end of the Month.

At the end of this year there is peace throughout Europe, but the people every where are groaning under the pressure of enormous taxes, in Britain the Taxes are excessive and collected with rigour. Useless places and pensions are multiplied without number, Bankruptcies are numerous, no specie in circulation, but the necessaries of Life are at moderate prices, however many of the farmers are broken and have given up their farms. Some proprietors have been wise enough to give an abatement of rent to their tennants.

 

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